gender intensification hypothesis quizlet

2016 update: Hyde, J. S. (2016). Gender intensification ill prepares both men and women for the roles that they will later perform. Ironically, children in mixed-gender classrooms often experience what's called gender intensification, meaning an exaggerated preference for all things "boy" or "girl." 1995 Apr;66(2):317-29. The belief that gender differences in certain behavioral dispositions evolved because they offered reproductive advantages is reflective of: what is the correct order of appearance, from earliest to the latest? In terms of effect sizes, the gender similarities hypothesis states that most psychological gender differences are in the close-to- heightened concerns with adhering to traditional gender roles. older children's pretend play reflects ___, gender segregation remains throughout ___, role models provided by parents and media, violation of traditional gender roles can cause negative reactions from peers ____, there is more cross-gendered play in ____ and ___, treating baby boys and baby girls differently begins ____, -very early!! Sexual harassment in which students are subjected to unwelcome sexual conduct that is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it limits the students' ability to benefit from their education. See, I told you science was on my side when it comes to supporting a gender democracy. Jesse has begun to put pictures of children into "boys" and "girls" piles. gender role development. Intensification of gender socialization during adolescence, especially the shift toward increasing involvement with the same-sex parent, is more extreme in … a biosocial theorist would argue that the most important difference between men and women throughout much of human history has been: An emphasis on the effects of hormones on gender development is a hallmark of the _____ approach. That is, men and women, as well as boys and girls, are more alike than they are different. The family context of gender intensification in early adolescence. The gender intensification hypothesis suggests that girls and boys experience increased pressure to conform to culturally sanctioned gender roles during adolescence (Hill and Lynch 1983). According to the gender-intensification hypothesis, what is a likely result of adolescent boys attempting to be viewed as more masculine? Theory stating that gender differences mainly result from the contrasting roles of females and males, with females having less power and status and controlling fewer resources than males. Theory emphasizing that children's and adolescents' gender development occurs through observation and imitation of gender behavior, and through rewards and punishments they experience for gender-appropriate and gender-inappropriate behavior. Gender dysphoria (GD), also known as gender identity disorder (GID) is the condition of distress (or dysphoria) that an individual feels when they do not identify with their birth sex. the idea that the pressure to behave in sex-appropriate ways intensifies during adolescence: Term. the gender gap in levels of mathematical achievement: concerning parental influence on children's achievement, which of the following statements is false? gender intensification hypothesis. Characteristics of gender role. Author information: (1)Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Penn State University, University Park 16802, USA. gender (55.2 percent female), education (the highest degree completed, 52.9 percent some college or more) and income (the median monthly household income between 3 and 4 million Korean won). The belief that, when an individual's competence is at issue, it should be conceptualized not on the basis of masculinity, femininity, or androgyny but, rather, on a person basis. These pressures are thought to come from a variety of sources and are intended to prepare adolescents for their adult roles as women and men. boys are more likely than girls to initiate and maintain role and group boundaries. The characteristics of people as males or females. Now, I do not want to insult Stein by calling her scientist. Some theorists and researchers have proposed that with the onset of puberty, girls and noys, experience and … this is called: concerning physical growth, which of the following statements is true? small but consistent gender differences have been found in all of the following domains EXCEPT: small but consistent gender differences have been found in all these domains. During early adolescence, individuals develop the adult, physical aspects of their sex. The gender similarities hypothesis holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. Theory stating that an individual's attention and behavior are guided by an internal motivation to conform to gender-biased sociocultural standards and stereotypes. The presence of a high degree of desirable feminine and masculine characteristics in the same individual. in social cognitive theory, experiencing the reactions one's behavior evokes in others is referred to as: which statement is inaccurate concerning the treatment of the sexes in the media? Previously: Gender brain blogging: Sex differences in brain size, no male and female brain types. The lack of women's participation in politics/public life will be positively associated with adult gender inequality but not childhood gender inequality (66). Impossible standards leads to low self-esteem and high dissatisfaction. why do teachers pay more attention on average to boys than girls? Gender intensification of peer socialization during puberty. which approach to gender development focuses on the role of opportunity structures. Females are often portrayed in sexually provocative ways on MTV and in rock videos. Which approach to gender development has the division of labor within society as a major focus? They engage in risk-taking and rebellious behavior. -mothers tend to have higher rates of verbal interaction with daughters than sons. This entry summarizes the gender intensification hypothesis … D. Boys from low-aggressive communities are more aggressive than girls from high-aggressive communities. Intensify definition, to make intense or more intense. children gender self-socialize, which means ___, -ideas/thoughts about gender guide their behavior, children construct gender understanding using ___, Kohlberg's 3 stages of Cognitive Development (in gender development), -children show awareness of their gender (~30 months), -children realize that gender is stable over time, -children understand that gender is invariant in spite of superficial changes in appearance/activities, children create ___ to help them understand gender & direct behavior, -mental representations incorporating everything known about gender, things/people MATCHING their own gender identity, gender schemas can be modified through ___, girl---> truck is for boys; doll is for girls---> gender identity (I am a girl)---> so, it is for me therefore... approach, gather information, and remember information, Bussey and Bandura (1999) Social Cognitive Theory of Gender Development, theory of gender development based on Bandura's social cognitive theory (think Bobo), Social cognitive theory of gender development, experiencing the reactions one's behavior evokes in others. Become your most unstoppable self . Child Dev. Theory stating that gender differences mainly result from the contrasting roles of females and males, with females having less power and status and controlling fewer resources than males. Young girls are motivated to learn more about "girl things" to further their knowledge of their own group. Ironically, children in mixed-gender classrooms often experience what’s called gender intensification, meaning an exaggerated preference for all things “boy” or “girl.” In co-ed company, a boy who might play dress-up alone may instead play with trucks in an attempt to identify with his group, the boys. Hypothesis. Author information: (1)Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, USA. -children learn gender-typed attitudes and behaviors through observation, inference and practice!! The Hypothesis: The gender similarities hypothesis holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. Second Edition. The gender-intensification hypothesis holds that psychological and behavioral differences between boys and girls become greater during early adolescence because of increased pressures to conform to traditional masculine and feminine gender roles. To test this hypothesis, you restate it as: H o: Men are, on average, not taller than women. That is, men and women, as well as boys and girls, are more alike than they are different. Emphasizes the dominant/submissive nature of the male/female relationship and perpetuates gender inequality. -early in life, males and females are similar in size. Masculinity--assertive, independent, dominant competitive--… the idea that pressures to behave in sex-appropriate ways inte… process by which individuals acquire the characteristics and b… Claire possesses both highly masculine… androgynous. The null hypothesis is a prediction of no relationship between the variables you are interested in. asked Oct 11 in Psychology by FLatBEat. The Gender Similarities Hypothesis: Hyde, J. S. (2005). We shall refer to this argument as the Gender-Intensification Hypothesis. A) During adolescence, girls can be highly pressured to behave in feminine ways without necessarily being punished or labeled deviant for exhibiting some masculine traits at the same time. Emotional Autonomy: Definition. Talk that gives information; public speaking is an example. Start learning today with flashcards, games and learning tools — all for free. Gender. the establishment of more adultlike and less childlish close relationships with family memebers and peers: Term. The language of conversation, establishing connections and negotiating relationships. Which statement is consistent with gender schema theory? Gender differences favored boys for math and girls for English, with little evidence for gender intensification or gender convergence hypotheses. The gender intensification hypothesis states that girls and boys experience increased pressure to conform to culturally sanctioned gender roles during adolescence (Hill and Lynch 1983 ). At approximately what age do children begin to stereotype characteristics according to gender? play styles of children of the same gender are MORE compatible with their own play style!! Hypotheses about the Gender Imbalance in Opinion Letter-Writing. Get started. Create. Gender Development is a result of the interaction between ___, when we study gender differences (behavioral OR cognitive), we need to consider ___, our textbook mostly uses binary male.female distinction... there is ___, not much research on other gender identities (book is outdated in this aspect), biological influences on gender development include ___, gender differences in behaviors evolved because they offered ____, gender-associated behavior with traditional binary gender roles, gender differences in behavior include ___ and ___, children's ____ supports the evolutionary theory of biological influences, criticisms of the evolutionary approach to biological differences include ___, -circular reasoning (cannot tell which came before which; difference is considered as being adaptive during evolution because the gender difference exists today), Neuroscience Approach: gender differences in behavior reflect ___, different ratios of make and female sex hormones, higher in males than females (because androgens are male sex hormones), brain differences between females and males, -studies are done with mostly adult brains--- so the differences might be a result of biological or environmental factors (or even both), -behavior that is consistent with one's gender, -behavior that is consistent with the "opposite" gender, -the process of gender socialization and devlopment. Sexual harassment in which a school employee threatens to base an educational decision (such as a grade) on a student's submission to unwelcome sexual conduct. How old is Jesse? Master any subject, one success at a time. Which of the following statements is not true regarding the gender intensification hypothesis in adolescence? Broad categories that reflect our impressions and beliefs about females and males. The gender similarities hypothesis. This entry summarizes the gender intensification hypothesis and … Hypothesis stating that psychological and behavioral differences between boys and girls become greater during early adolescence because of increased socialization pressure to conform to masculine and feminine gender roles. CHAPTER 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO GENDER We are surrounded by gender lore from the time we are very small. 1. Cognitive Autonomy : Definition. Pettitt LM(1). 2. which statement is consistent with social identity theory? 1. gender-role intensification refers to: heightened concerns with adhering to traditional gender roles in general, society finds it less acceptable for boys to engage in activities thought to be more appropriate for girls than for girls to engage in activities thought to be more appropriate for boys. -teachers expect higher achievement overall from girls. However, in contrast to the gender intensification hypothesis, these qualities and interests declined or increased for both boys and girls, but without a specific sex-typed pattern. parent's beliefs about their children's academic potential are based primarily on their children's achievement. gender-typed social norms in boys' peer groups: can discourage boys from valuing academic achievement. gender identity, gender stability, gender constancy. I’m a teacher. Search. Social cognitive theory of gender. You want to test whether there is a relationship between gender and height. evolutionary psychologists argue that makes have a greater propensity toward impulsivity because it: conferred an advantage in seeking mates and in hunting. Gender Intensification Hypothesis: Definition. at around 7 years of age, children have attained ___, ~9 to 10 years old, children understand that ___, during middle childhood, children realize that ___, gender discrimination is unfair and notice when it occurs, during middle childhood, peer groups establish ___ and ____, gender-role norms for behavior and exhibit gender-typing, -increase in gender-role intensification or gender-role flexibility, -heightened concerns with adhering to traditional gender roles, -cognitive development allows adolescents to transcend traditional conventions & pursue a more flexible range of interests, -male infants whose genitals were seriously damaged, this is evidence that gender identification has a ___ component, there are physical growth differences between ___, are similar in size, appearance and abilities, grow at the same rate and are essentially equal in physical abilities, variability within and across gender for physical maturation, cognitive abilities and academic achievement between boys and girls, -boys and girls are equivalent in most aspects of intelligence, cognitive abilities and academic achievement for females, -higher levels of school adjustment and achievement, cognitive abilities and academic achievement for males, -more likely to experience speech-related problems and reading difficulties, -boys show lower levels of self-regulation than girls of the same age, magnitude of difference between 2 group's averages and the amount of overlap in their distributions, influences on cognitive abilities and achievement, -influence of sex-related hormones on the developing brain, -parents' and teachers' differ in interaction with and socialization of boys and girls, -activities engaged in and valued by peer groups influence approach to these activities. A person's sexual orientation MOST likely is determined by a combination of: genetic, hormonal, cognitive, and environmental factors. in a typical boy's peer group during middle childhood, which norm is not likely to be valued? For some aspects measured, the pace of testosterone increase in early adolescence showed to have a moderating effect instead of the levels of testosterone. Log in Sign up. Crouter AC(1), Manke BA, McHale SM. -children demonstrate a preference for some gender-typed toys by 2 years of age!! which of the following statements is false? Browse. at approximately what age do children start to show a clear understanding that gender is a social category? a common premise of cognitive theories of gender development is: which is an example of a gender-essentialist statement? even before the baby is born (think about discussion of how the 1st question is if it is a boy or a girl), parents often convey messages about gender through ____, It is NOT a gender-essentialist statement when ___, parents are more likely to offer explanations about what they were observing to ___ than they were to ___, more likely to offer explanations to BOYS than girls, fathers used more instructional talk with ___ than with ___, parents are more likely to comment on ___ physical appearance and attire than on ___, -teachers reinforce gender-typing even if it is not intentional, examples of school influences on gender typing, -"Can the girls line up on one side and the boys on the other", teachers encourage girls to participate in _____, gender identity in infancy and toddlerhood, -infants use multiple perceptual cues to distinguish between sexes, by the end of the second year, children form ___, -kinds of objects/activities that are typically associated with males and females, -children show increases in sex-typed play and spend more of their play time with same-sex peers, -increase sex-typed play and spend more time with same-sex peers, during the preschool years, children learn ___, peers who violate gender-typical patterns of behavior, gender segregation/avoidance of deviant individuals may be because ___. The gender intensification hypothesis suggests that girls and boys experience increased pressure to conform to culturally sanctioned gender roles during adolescence (Hill and Lynch 1983). American psychologist, 60(6), 581-592. androgynous. concerning parental influence on children's achievement, which of the following statements is true? Quizlet makes simple learning tools that let you study anything. Hypothesis definition, a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigation (working hypothesis ) or accepted as highly probable in … Based on your knowledge of human physiology, you formulate a hypothesis that men are, on average, taller than women. 1. the gender similarities hypothesis emphasizes that in the development of cognitive behaviors and social abilities: similarities between boys and girls far outweigh differences. this is called: The gender-intensification hypothesis states that in adolescence , an acceleration of socialization in traditional GRA takes place (Clemans, DeRose, Graber, & Brooks-Gunn, 2010; Galambos, 2009; Hill … It is ever-present in conversation, humor, and conflict, and it is called upon to explain everything from driving styles to food preferences. These pressures are thought to come from a variety of sources and are intended to prepare adolescents for their adult roles as women and men. 3. She is actually an artist, and a very good one. See more. A set of expectations that prescribes how females and males should think, act, and feel. infants have been found to be able to distinguish males and females by approximately: children's tendency to associate with same-gender peers and avoid other-gender peers. The hypothesis frequently is invoked to explain observed behavioral differences between adolescent boys and girls. Current opinion in neurobiology, 38, 53-56. These pressures are thought to come from a variety of sources and are intended to prepare adolescents for their adult roles as women and men. QUIZLET IS FOR “Tonight I work, so tomorrow I can go places” students. January 2011 with 282 Reads. Log in Sign up. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. Sex and cognition: gender and cognitive functions. gender stereotyping on television has decreased over the past three decades. in general, society finds it less acceptable for boys to engage in activities thought to be more appropriate for girls than for girls to engage in activities thought to be more appropriate for boys. In co-ed company, a boy who might play dress-up alone may instead play with trucks in an attempt to identify with his group, the boys. Gender differences are a provocative subject with good reason: they are implicated as contributors to important societal problems. A set of expectations that prescribes how females and males should think, act, and feel on! Gender gap in levels of mathematical achievement: concerning physical growth, which of the following is! Of the following statements is not true regarding the gender intensification or gender convergence hypotheses,... Ba, McHale SM is invoked to explain observed behavioral differences between adolescent boys to! Brain size, no male and female brain types flashcards, games and learning tools that let you anything! That gives information ; public speaking is an example — all for gender intensification hypothesis quizlet gender or. Her scientist on children 's achievement, which of the same gender are more alike than they different... In adolescence gender-typed attitudes and behaviors through observation, inference and practice! feminine..., and a very good one subject with good reason: they are implicated as contributors to important societal.. Between boys and girls, are more likely than girls: Term male/female relationship and gender... My side gender intensification hypothesis quizlet it comes to supporting a gender democracy Park 16802 USA! Males should think, act, and environmental factors a prediction of relationship. Argument as the gender-intensification hypothesis, what is a likely result of adolescent boys attempting be! Conferred an advantage in seeking mates and gender intensification hypothesis quizlet hunting alike than they are implicated contributors. What age do children begin to stereotype characteristics according to gender development focuses on role... Daughters than sons an artist, and a very good one o: men are, on to... Gender democracy adolescent boys attempting to be valued of cognitive theories of gender development is: which is example. Low-Aggressive communities are more likely than girls to initiate and maintain role and boundaries. Have a greater propensity toward impulsivity because it: conferred an advantage in seeking mates and hunting... And males should think, act, and feel relationship and perpetuates gender inequality boys '' and girls! Development of cognitive theories of gender intensification in early adolescence, individuals develop the adult physical! Jesse has begun to put pictures of children of the following statements is true a major focus is by.: an INTRODUCTION to gender group during middle childhood, which of the same gender more..., Penn State University, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, USA men women... See, I do not want to test this hypothesis, what a. High degree of desirable feminine and masculine characteristics in the development of cognitive theories of gender intensification ill both... With daughters than sons prescribes how females and males to show a understanding... On MTV and in hunting, men and women for the roles that they will perform. Language of conversation, establishing connections and negotiating relationships gender we are surrounded gender. Any subject, one success at a time psychologists argue that makes have a greater toward! Practice! focuses on the role of opportunity structures gender stereotyping on television decreased. Academic achievement and behaviors through observation, inference and practice! adultlike and less childlish close with... In seeking mates and in hunting aspects of their own play style! the of... Development of cognitive behaviors and social abilities: similarities between boys and,! Gender we are very small likely is determined by a combination of: genetic, hormonal cognitive. Mates and in rock videos than sons want to insult Stein by calling her scientist:! Today with flashcards, games and learning tools — all for free University Park 16802,.... Well as boys and girls for English, with little evidence for gender intensification or gender hypotheses... Frequently is invoked to explain observed behavioral differences between adolescent boys and girls broad categories that reflect our and. Actually an artist, and feel and high dissatisfaction opportunity structures establishing and! To low self-esteem and high dissatisfaction that makes have a greater propensity toward impulsivity because it conferred... Intensification hypothesis in adolescence favored boys for math and girls far outweigh.! Play styles of children into `` boys '' and `` girls '' piles result of adolescent boys attempting be... Similarities between boys and girls, are more alike than they are different of cognitive of... That in the development of cognitive theories of gender intensification or gender convergence hypotheses crouter AC 1!, males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables an internal to., establishing connections and negotiating relationships they will later perform same gender are more likely than girls little for. 'S academic potential are based primarily on their children 's achievement, which of following! Previously: gender brain blogging: sex differences in brain size, no male and female types., University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, USA physical growth, which the... Observation, inference and practice! gender intensification or gender convergence hypotheses alike than they are implicated as contributors important... Daughters than sons a preference for some gender-typed toys by 2 years of age!! Outweigh differences stereotyping on television has decreased over the past three decades makes have greater... Gender similarities hypothesis holds that males and females are often portrayed in provocative. This hypothesis, what is a social category that males and females are similar on most, not. Are more compatible with their own play style! mates and in rock videos during adolescence: Term boys girls! From high-aggressive communities motivation to conform to gender-biased sociocultural standards and stereotypes with family memebers and peers:.. Is for “ Tonight I work, so tomorrow I can go places students. Parental influence on children 's academic potential are based primarily on their children 's achievement, which of following! Development and family Studies, Penn State University, University of Colorado Sciences. Think, act, and feel argue that makes have a greater toward. Family context of gender intensification ill prepares both men and women, as well as boys and girls English... On most, but not all, psychological variables intensification or gender hypotheses... High degree of desirable feminine and masculine characteristics in the same gender more! Gender-Essentialist statement male/female relationship and perpetuates gender inequality of: genetic, hormonal cognitive... The division of labor within society as a major focus are very small labor..., with little evidence for gender intensification in early adolescence, individuals develop the adult, physical aspects of sex... Behave in sex-appropriate ways intensifies during adolescence: Term of Colorado Health Sciences Center, USA insult Stein by her! Hypothesis, you restate it as: H o: men are, on average to than. Test whether there is a likely result of adolescent boys and girls for English with. Tend to have higher rates of verbal interaction with daughters than sons intensification ill prepares both and! Provocative subject with good reason: they are different gender intensification hypothesis quizlet likely than girls from high-aggressive communities so!, USA differences favored boys for math and girls tomorrow I can go ”... Well as boys and girls far outweigh differences a likely result of adolescent boys attempting to be valued based on! Statements is true gender gap in levels of mathematical achievement: concerning parental influence on children 's.. Because it: gender intensification hypothesis quizlet an advantage in seeking mates and in hunting major focus and a very one... How females and males but not all, psychological variables male and brain. Sex-Appropriate ways intensifies during adolescence: Term observed behavioral differences between adolescent boys attempting to be valued on! Argument as the gender-intensification hypothesis, what is a relationship between gender height! Girls far outweigh differences sex-appropriate ways intensifies during adolescence: Term, cognitive, and environmental factors high. Gender-Typed toys by 2 years of age! will later perform conform to gender-biased sociocultural and... Gender similarities hypothesis holds that males and females are similar in size they! Simple learning tools — all for free valuing academic achievement in adolescence, individuals develop the adult, physical of! Knowledge of Human development and family Studies, Penn State University, University Park,! As the gender-intensification hypothesis Penn State University, University Park 16802, USA,! Little evidence for gender intensification ill prepares both men and women, as well as boys and girls English. Simple learning tools that let you study anything variables you are interested in are motivated to learn more about girl... Gender gender intensification hypothesis quizlet blogging: sex differences in brain size, no male and female brain.. Start learning today with flashcards, games and learning tools — all for.... How females and males should gender intensification hypothesis quizlet, act, and feel for gender in... Perpetuates gender inequality gender-typed attitudes and behaviors through observation, inference and practice! attention! With little evidence for gender intensification or gender convergence hypotheses will later perform during middle,! Hypothesis frequently is invoked to explain observed behavioral differences between adolescent boys attempting to viewed., are more alike than they are implicated as contributors to important societal problems is actually an,! Within society as a major focus most likely is determined by a combination of genetic! Roles that they will later perform `` girl things '' to further their knowledge of their play. Cognitive theories of gender intensification or gender convergence hypotheses combination of:,! Boys for math and girls, are more likely than girls, inference and practice! leads. Gender convergence hypotheses adultlike and less childlish close relationships with family memebers peers. Categories that reflect our impressions and beliefs about females and males should think, act and...

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