kirov class cruiser

The shaft drove each a three-bladed 4.7-metre (15 ft) bronze propeller. This was on paper, after strengthening the hull and adding hundreds of tons, it sank below it. Also based on Italian designs, the Kirov’s were based on the Italian light cruiser Raimondo Montecuccoli. During wartime, their 45 mm guns were removed and replaced by 37 mm guns. These were the first large ships built by the Soviets from the keel up after the Russian Civil War, and they were derived from the Italian cruiser Raimondo Montecuccoli, being designed with assistance from the Italian Ansaldo company. Two Heinkel K-12 catapults were bought in 1937 for Kirov and Voroshilov. The first modern interwar cruisers built in USSR were the Kirov class. A 20-millimetre (0.79 in) box protected the steering gear and a number of control positions were protected against splinters: 14 mm (0.55 in) for the torpedo control station, 8-millimetre (0.31 in) for main-battery fire control and secondary gun shields, 7 mm (0.28 in) for the secondary-battery control position and the auxiliary command station had 25-millimetre (0.98 in) sides and roof. In the end the arrangement only allows the ship to stay afloat, but listing by some measure. Elevation reached 85° and depression -10°. After making a number of bombardment sorties in support of Soviet troops on the Kerch Peninsula, she returned to Poti for more permanent repairs on 20 March. The turret and barbette armour was also 50 mm thick. The Kirov class is the largest missile cruiser ever developed. Kaganovich was renamed Lazar Kaganovich on 3 August 1945 to distinguish her from Lazar's disgraced brother Mikhail Kaganovich. Indeed, the Kirov burned .8 kg (1.8 lb) of fuel oil per hp, versus Kalinin’s 623 kg (1.37 lb) and the end result was 113,500 shaft horsepower (84,600 kW) on trials versus 122,500 shp (91,300 kW). They were withdrawn from service in the 1960s. SR Shell weighting 1.065–2.14 kg (2.35–4.72 lb). One of the first large warships designed and built in the U.S.S.R. (Project 26). Xavier Vavasseur 20 Aug 2020 The Pyotr Velikiy (Peter the Great) Kirov Class project 1144.2 heavy missile cruiser. [20], Voroshilov began her postwar modernization in April 1954, but encountered the same issues as Maxim Gorky. Kirov class Guided Missile Cruiser (Nuclear Powered) The first surface warship with nuclear power (Project 1144 "Orlan") was undertaken in the mid-1960s, initially as … Such twin turret was produced in 1933, and the chief Italian designer of Ansaldo guaranteed a speed of 37 knots within the 7200 tons limit. Repaired with the bow from the suspended Frunze, she resumed service at the end of 1944. [4] Their single rudder meant that they were not very maneuverable. He remained in service until 1976-77 as a training ship. https://ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=515 http://navsource.narod.ru/photos/02/066/index.html http://wio.ru/fleet/ww2cruiser.htm https://www.world-war.co.uk/russia/kirov.php33d view (WT)laststandonzombieisland.com more about the Kalinin, Your email address will not be published. Later, the second serie Gorky and Molotov had Soviet-built ZK-1 catapults; but no plane was ever fitted to them, the all four ships stayed without plan provision. She was under repair at Poti until 31 July 1943, using the stern of the incomplete Chapayev-class cruiser Frunze, the rudder of the incomplete cruiser Zheleznyakov, the steering gear from Kaganovich and the steering sensor from the submarine L-25. [11] The Project 26bis2 ships did not receive a catapult until after the end of the war, when a ZK-2b was fitted. This overweight was the result of a revision of armor. Finnish Navy picture. Dispersion was abysmal when firing simultaneously, whereas the rate of fire fell to two rounds per minute instead of six promised by the Italian engineer. Xavier Vavasseur 17 Dec 2020 Story by TASS Russian news agency The designer of the new turret managed to persuade his superiors that he could fit triple turrets to the ship while keeping it within the specified limit, and this design was approved in November 1934 as the Project 26. She saw no action after completing her repairs due to Stalin's order. The Story of the Kirov Class: The Kirov class were the first and only Soviet modern “heavy†cruisers built before and serving during the war. So they even never met a 10,000 ton displacement fully loaded, let alone standard. A development of Rheinmetall German 3.7 cm (1.5 in) sold before Hitler arrive to power in 1933, they were an adapted sub-version of the antitank 53-K. Both ships were damaged by German air and artillery attacks, but were repaired during the war. The turrets weighed approximately 236 to 247 tonnes (232 to 243 long tons), and the guns could be depressed to −4° and elevated to 48°. The power-plant was also revised and produced 129,500 hp but with an unchanged top speed of 35 knots. Like battleships, modern warships just do not stack up to these titles, except for the Project 1144.2 Kirov Class nuclear cruisers, of which Admiral Nakhimov is one. These two ships served during the war and survived. Two ships each were deployed in the Black and Baltic Seas during World War II, while the last pair was still under construction in the Russian Far East and saw no combat during the war. Molotov was in the same position by 1942. The deck edge was also tapered down to 25 mm. The first two cruisers of the Kirov class were the first laid down in the interwar for the Soviet Navy. They were slightly larger at 17.70 m wide instead of 17.66 m (58 feets), weighting 100 tons more at 9792 tons fully loaded versus 9950 (on Voroshilov). On 2 November, she was hit twice in harbor by Junkers Ju 88 bombers of KG 51; one hit started a fire in #3 magazine that was extinguished by water flooding in from the second hit. Kalinin and Kaganovich received the Lend-Lease ASDIC-132 system, which the Soviets called Drakon-132, as well as the experimental Soviet Mars-72 sonar system. She fired only 35 rounds before she was damaged by a number of near misses and had to return to the Soviet naval base at Liepāja for repairs. The turret designer afterwards claimed it was even possible to fit three barrels instead of two, although solidarity. For the later class of nuclear-powered missile cruisers, see, "Russian 180 mm/60 (7.1") B-1-K Pattern 1931 180 mm/57 (7.1") B-1-P Pattern 1932 180 mm/56 Pattern 1933", Individual ship histories on navsource.narod.ru, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kirov-class_cruiser&oldid=1001250929, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Project 26, Project 26bis, Project 26bis2, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 21:59. She would survive the war and be disarmed in 1972. Gorky was sold for scrap on 18 April 1959 after it was decided that she was not required as a missile test ship. A ‘tin-clad’ cruiser. Both cruisers were completed in 1938 (Kirov) and 1940 (Voroshilov), and their AA armament strengthened during the war, before 1944 ten 37 mm mounts were added, replacing the slowed 45 mm batteries. [4], The secondary armament consisted of six single 56-caliber 100-millimetre (3.9 in) B-34 anti-aircraft guns with 325 rounds per gun fitted on each side of the rear funnel in all ships except the Project 26bis2 which used eight single 52-caliber 85-millimetre (3.3 in) 90-K guns with 300 rounds per gun when the B-34 program ran into problems. The initial hull as planned was very light (7000 tons empty). [15] She sailed to Riga on 22 October 1940 when the Soviet Union began to occupy Latvia; the following day she sailed for Liepāja. Molotov was defending the Black Sea. The OSA-MA autonomous shipborne air defence missile system. On trials they proved to be the fastest ships of the class with a speed of 36.72 knots (68.01 km/h; 42.26 mph). Bristling with sensors and weaponry, and seemingly alien … [16] During the Winter War, Kirov, escorted by the destroyers Smetlivyi and Stremitel'nyi, attempted to bombard Finnish coast defense guns at Russarö, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of Hanko. [12], The Project 26 ships landed their catapult during 1941 to make room for more AA guns, as did Molotov in 1942. One oddity of the later ships' armor scheme was the joint between the armour deck and belt. Military. This article is about Kirov-class heavy cruisers. Quite Italian-looking in their design, the Kirov and Voroshilov however had another singularity, their square prow. The Kirov class's main weapons are 20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) missiles mounted in deck, designed to engage large surface targets. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! The Kirov class cruisers were intended to destroy US Navy carrier battle groups In December 1977 the Baltic Shipyard in Leningrad launched the largest warship other than aircraft carriers built by any nation since World War II. It was manually operated. Post stamp showing the Kirov in 1953 (cc), The Kirov in the 1970s (unknown src – imgurl), Kirov class general appearance in 1941, author’s illustration. Their armament was much the same as the earlier ships, although nine 45 mm (1.8 in) 61-K anti-aircraft guns were mounted rather than the six on the first pair and they were fitted to carry 150 Model 1908/39 mines in place of the Model 1912 mines. The Kirov-class (Project 26) cruisers were a class of six cruisers built in the late 1930s for the Soviet Navy. [5], The armour scheme formed a raft around the vitals, protected by a waterline belt, deck and traverse bulkheads uniformly 50 mm (2.0 in) in thickness. They were placed abaft the rear turret, a well open space. The Navy reevaluated the scope of the work in 1955, deemed it insufficient to create a fully modern ship, and suspended the refit. She was sold for scrap on 4 April 1972. Project 26bis2 used eight single 52-caliber 85 mm (3.3 in) 90-K guns, supplied with 300 rounds per gun. 12 talking about this. This proved a colossal burden, and it will be much reinforced thereafter, up to 7880 tons and even 7970 on the Voroshilov, 1/8 increase. The steering gear was armored box was increased to 30 mm (1.2 in). The Kirov originally become operational in 1980, with her sister ships following about every four years aside from the last in her lineage, Peter The Great, … In June she made a number of transport runs in support of the garrison of Sevastopol. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Kalinin and Kaganovich were launched at Komsomolsk on the Amur, but were towed to Vladivostok for completion because of their draft. They served until the end of the 1960s alongside the following Sverdlov class, the last Soviet conventional cruisers, in service until the 1990s for some. These were the first large ships built by the Soviets from the keel up after the Russian Civil War, and they were derived from the Italian cruiser Raimondo Montecuccoli, being designed with assistance from the Italian Ansaldocompany. The Ansaldo company, responsible for the Condotierri class was contacted, and an agreement was signed. The conning tower sides were 150 mm (5.9 in) with a 100 mm roof. The guns were mounted in a single cradle to minimize space and were so close together that their dispersion was very high because the muzzle blast from adjacent guns affected each gun. Air defense is provided by twelve octuple S-300F launchers with 96 missiles and a pair of Osa-MA batteries with 20 missiles each. The conversion process was quite prolonged, as her armament was removed and she received an entirely new superstructure and masts; and she was not recommissioned as OS-24 until 31 December 1961. Russian Kirov-class Battlecruiser Detail-up Set for Trumpeter kit White Ensign Models 1:350 PE 35117 + Actions Stash. The gun complete with its pedestal, weighed 507 kg (1,118 lb). It was reduced to a simple pole mast in the later ships and the superstructure enlarged to accommodate the fire control facilities formerly housed in the foremast. The tertiary armament comprised four DK 12.7-millimetre (0.50 in) machine guns, with 12,500 rounds per gun. After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. Her turrets had numerous teething problems and inflicted more blast damage than anticipated, which showed that her welding plan had not been followed. The Soviet Navy did not existed in 1922 and never was admitted to the Washington naval conference. ... Admiral Lazarev is the second Kirov-class battlecruiser. But she survived and was repaired temporarily in Leningrad, stayed in drydock but defending herself meanwhile against German air attacks. A pair of depth charge racks were mounted as well as four BMB-1 depth charge throwers. The machinery for Kirov was shipped from Italy (being diverted from the contract for the Italian cruiser Eugenio di Savoia). But … At least the design of the next four ships included additional armor. Lend-Lease radars equipped most of the other ships. [22], Molotov was commissioned just before the German invasion and spent most of 1941 moving from port to port to take advantage of her air warning radar, the first fitted in the Soviet Navy. This was a mobilization class with 7 ships ordered for the first batch, laid down in 1938-40. Since speed was everything at that time, the Italians focused on it, and promised a 7200 tons cruiser armed at first with three twin turrets with the Russian intermediary caliber of 180 mm (7.1 in). The idea was to have a bit more range and hitting power than the classic 6-in while being a bit faster than the harder-hitting 8-in. Soviet Navy cruiser Molotov firing in 1942 (cc). The standard-issue 0.5-in “Dushka”. In the Strangereal universe, multiple countries were known to operate battle cruisers, most notably the Kirov-class. She returned to the Mediterranean between September and December 1970 where she assisted the Kotlin-class destroyer Bravyi after the latter's collision with the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal on 9 November 1970. The Soviet TB-7 geared turbines proved to be more powerful and more economical than the originals. Despite her small displacement, she is equipped with powerful long-range main guns and has good speed. Impressed by this firepower increase, the Soviet committee approved the blueprints on November 1934 as Project 26. This was planned much like Kirov's refit, although her displacement was to increase 1,000 tonnes (984 long tons) from torpedo bulges, with consequent penalties to her speed and range. She is the fourth of four Kirov-class battlecruisers completed (five were planned, the last being cancelled in October 1990). Soviet battlecruiser Kirov, the lead ship of the Kirov-class battlecruisers, launched in 1977 Protection-wise, the belt, traverse bulkheads, barbettes and turret (face) had their armor thickened to 70 mm (2.8 in). [18] Kirov provided gunfire support during the defense of Tallinn and served as the flagship of the evacuation fleet from Tallinn to Leningrad at the end of August 1941. Russian Navy Kirov-class Cruiser Admiral Nakhimov Back in the Water The upgraded Kirov-class nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" (Project 11442M) left the pool of Sevmash Shipyard and berthed at the embankment for systems fitting out, the enterprise said on 18 August. Soviet cruiser Kirov, the lead ship of the Kirov-class cruisers, launched in 1936; Kirov-class battlecruiser, a Soviet nuclear-powered cruiser class . Six license-built Yarrow-Normand type water-tube boilers powered the turbines with a nominal capacity of 106-tonnes/hour of superheated steam at a pressure of 25 kg/cm2 (2,452 kPa; 356 psi) and a temperature of 325 °C (617 °F). Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits-Wikipedia [13], Kirov was commissioned into the Baltic Fleet in the autumn of 1938, but was still being worked on into early 1939. This odd concept derived from the experimental artillery made for the previous Krazny Kavkaz, in single turrets, made to answer early 1930s IJN cruisers in the Pacific. Main battery fire control radars were the British Types 284 and 285 while anti-aircraft fire control was provided by the Type 282 radar. Furthermore Kirov produced only 113,500 shaft horsepower (84,600 kW) on trials while Voroshilov made 122,500 shp (91,300 kW) and was almost a full knot faster. That was hardly the selling point of the design: The weak Kirov’s scheme formed a boxed ‘raft’ around the vitals. Apart from the three Svetlana rebuilt in the years 25-30, they were brand new. For ASW protection, a double bottom extended longer than the belt, with armored traverse bulkheads and a fine longitudinal bulkhead which stopped flooding but this by no means prevented serious torpedo damage. The Gorkiy was completed in Ordonikidze Yard in November 1940 and the Molotov in June 1941. Like Italian cruisers this was a simple twin-shaft-unit machinery layout. Kirov Class Cruiser . The Ansaldo company provided plans for the contemporary Raimondo Montecuccoli-class cruisers and a design displacing 7,200 tonnes (7,086 long tons) and armed with six 180-millimetre (7.1 in) guns in twin turrets was produced in 1933. [9], The Project 26 ships were fitted with the Molniya fire control system for their main guns which included the TsAS-2 mechanical computer and the KDP3-6 director. The top and bottom edges of the belt were tapered, the outer surface angling in 200 mm (7.9 in) from the edge to a thickness of 45 mm. A total of 96 KB or 164 Model 1912 mines could be carried by the first pair of ships. After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. Nameplates. [23], Even though Lazar Kaganovich and Kalinin were both commissioned before the end of the war, they saw no action during the Soviet invasion of Manchuria in 1945;[13] in any event, Lazar Kaganovich was not fully completed until 29 January 1947. The Kirov class is a cruiser of Soviet origin. Each turret and the director had DM-6 rangefinders which allowed multiple targets to be engaged using a combination of local and central fire control. They were put into service in the Pacific fleet, but remained inactive during the short hostilities against Japan in July-August 1945. A ZK-1a catapult was installed aboard Molotov in 1943, and she conducted successful experiments with a catapult-launched Supermarine Spitfire fighter. After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. With this design revision, the planned speed fell to 36 knots on the Kirov and 34 on Voroshilov. Range was 38,000 m (42,000 yd). In Russia this type of ship is referred to as a heavy nuclear powered missile cruiser. Present in Sevastopol and providing her defense, she was attacked on 3 August 1942 by the Italian MAS 568, losing her bow (too !). [19] For most of the rest of the war both cruisers were blockaded in Leningrad and Kronstadt by Axis minefields and could only provide gunfire support for the defenders during the Siege of Leningrad and support for the Soviet Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive in mid—1944. This was probably a weight-saving measure applied during construction. Kirov followed her to Tallinn at the end of the month, after being lightened to pass through the shallows of Moon Sound. They provided plans of their latest design, the Raimondo Montecuccoli-class cruisers to be studied. [4], The Project 26bis2 pair were still larger and displaced 8,400 tonnes (8,267 long tons) at standard load, and 10,400 tonnes (10,236 long tons) at full load. Tw… Each received a provision of 325 rounds per gun. Pressured steam came from six license-built Yarrow-Normand type water-tube boilers. Maxim Gorky tested the first Soviet naval helicopter, the Kamov Ka-10, in December 1950 and began her refit in mid-1953. 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The Washington naval conference with three 57-calibre 180 mm B-1-P guns ships served during the....

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