pocket battleship lützow

Hamburg: Koehler. What the Germans did was put two triple longrange 11" gun turrets on a 10,000 ton hull, and they did so by saving weight for the essentials, using electric welding and (in part) diesel engines. After evacuating approximately 750 people who lived nearby, an attempt was undertaken to deflagrate it with a remote-controlled device, but it exploded, without casualties. By 10 May 1942, the ship was finally pronounced ready for action. [17] Hitler himself made the decision to rename the ship, recognizing that the sinking of a warship, always possible, was a propaganda disaster if it bore the name of its country. exceeded the allowed tonnage by 6%.As far as warship building is concerned, that's as close as a 3-point landing as you'll get. With an overall limitation of 10,000 tons per ship, German naval architects came up with a compromise design which could match Anglo-American capital ships, the Panzerschiff -- soon to be known in the West as the "pocket battleship.". [36] Lützow was then ordered to break off the attack on the convoy and reinforce Admiral Hipper. The crew effected emergency repairs that allowed her to return to Germany; repair work in Kiel took six months. By the afternoon of 9 April, most of the Norwegian fortresses had been captured and the commander of the remaining Norwegian forces opened negotiations for surrender. The heavy damage forced Lützow and the rest of the squadron to reverse course and exit the fjord. Engine problems forced a series of repairs culminating in a complete overhaul at the end of 1943, after which the ship remained in the Baltic. Actually, the first ship of the class -- the Deutschland, later re-christened Lützow-- had a "standard" displacement of 10,600 long tons, i.e. The port was attacked by Republican aircraft, though anti-aircraft fire from the warships drove them off. [10] The 4,963 gross register tons (GRT) freighter was found to be carrying contraband, and so was seized. In protest, Raeder resigned; Hitler replaced him with Admiral Karl Dönitz, who persuaded Hitler to rescind the order to dismantle the surface ships of the Kriegsmarine. She briefly returned to Norway but by the end of September 1943, a thorough overhaul was required. During the ensuing Battle of Drøbak Sound, Blücher was hit by many shells and two torpedoes. Light cruiser Nürnberg ready. If you are experiencing trouble downloading, it could be due to an ad-blocker or extension in your Chrome browser. Kummetz flew his flag in Blücher. Naval Institute Press Fall 2014 Catalog - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. The 20 tonnes of equipment from the pocket battleship were found during deepening work that is being carried in the Piastowski Channel on Poland’s Baltic coast. The force flew through intense flak; 1 Lancaster was shot down (No 617 Squadron's last loss of the war) and all but 2 aircraft were damaged. [31] The British detected the German departure and ordered the convoy to scatter. Main armament consisted of 6 11-inch guns in two triple turrets and 8 6-inch guns in individual turrets. In 1937, while anchored off the Balearic island of Ibiza, the Deutschland was bombed by a Loyalist Spanish plane. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by the Reichsmarine, in February 1940 the Germans reclassified the remaining tw… at the time was group captain J.E Fauquier. The ship's wounded men were also evacuated in Gibraltar for treatment. In April 1934, Adolf Hitler visited the ship; he reportedly toured the ship alone, speaking informally with crewmen. The cruisers engaged Admiral Hipper, which had been firing to port at the destroyer Obedient. 10,000 tons was the treaty limitation for heavy cruisers with 8" guns, and the Deutschland -- "Germany," although quickly renamed Luetzow, once the war began -- clearly outclassed any heavy or light cruiser, at the moment of its launching: . [44], non-intervention patrols in the Spanish Civil War, "WW2 'earthquake' bomb explodes in Poland during attempt to defuse it", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in April 1945, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1947, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_cruiser_Deutschland&oldid=1000524029, World War II shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea, Military units and formations of Nazi Germany in the Spanish Civil War, Russia articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), Design: 12,630 t (12,430 long tons; 13,920 short tons), This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 13:20. The RAF failed again two days later, but on 16 April eighteen Lancasters from 617 ("Dambusters") squadron scored a hit and several near misses on Lützow with Tallboy bombs in the Kaiserfahrt. Log in or sign up to leave a comment Log In Sign Up. USS Montana (BB-67) just now [653 x 594]German "pocket" battleship Lützow, in the Kaiserfahrt canal, April 25, 1945. Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing. Originally named Deutschland, the Lützow was one of three armoured ships – the so-called “pocket battleships” – laid down between 1928 and 1931.Deutschland was the first of the class, being launched in May 1931 and completed in April 1933. The German pocket battleships, or Panzerschiffe, struck fear into every navy in the world when they were developed and deployed in the 1930's. The ship was also ordered to avoid combat with even inferior naval forces, as commerce disruption was the primary objective. Pocket-battleship Admiral Scheer under repair until September 1940. While en route, the British submarine HMS Triton attacked the flotilla; her torpedoes missed, and German torpedo boats drove the submarine off. Pope, Dudley (2005). The German “pocket battleships” were the Deutschland (renamed Lützow), the Graf Spee, and the Scheer. [1] Her keel was laid on 5 February 1929,[4] under construction number 219. Ithaca: McBooks Press. This battleship / Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class “Panzerschiff”, nicknamed a “pocket battleship” by the British. After returning to Germany, she went into dock for routine maintenance work, as well as installation of additional equipment. The two sister-ships of her class, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer, were reclassified as heavy cruisers in 1940. google_ad_width = 728; [2] Deutschland was powered by four sets of MAN 9-cylinder double-acting two-stroke diesel engines. The 'pocket battleship' Lutzow after being torpedoed by HMS Spearfish. Author Editor Posted on June 13, December 30, Categories 1941 Tags battleships. The work was completed in Kiel by January 1944, after which she remained in the Baltic Sea to conduct training cruises for new naval personnel. Heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper under repair until September 1940. Heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen ready. 21 April-Russians inside Berlin. google_ad_client = "pub-0095770914145472"; Pocket battleship ‘Deutschland’ will be renamed to ‘Lützow’ and classified as a Heavy Cruiser in February 1940. [26] Despite the setback, KzS August Thiele, Lützow's commander, was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his actions during the Battle of Drøbak Sound, during which he took command of the task force after the loss of Blücher. [37], Hitler was furious over the failure to destroy the convoy, and ordered that all remaining German major warships be broken up for scrap. [3][40] The historians Hildebrand, Röhr and Steinmetz, in their book Die Deutschen Kriegsschiffe, state that she instead sank off Kolberg, claiming that the Lützow broken up in the late 1940s was instead the Admiral Hipper-class Lützow that had been sold to the Soviet Union in 1940. Light cruiser Leipzig under repair until November 1940. [1], The ship also carried a pair of quadruple 53.3 cm (21 in) deck-mounted torpedo tubes placed on her stern. [8], Following the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer were deployed to the Spanish coast on 23 July 1936 to conduct non-intervention patrols off the Republican-held coast of Spain. The ship saw significant action with the Kriegsmarine, including several non-intervention patrols in the Spanish Civil War, during which she was attacked by Republican bombers. Sunk in shallow waters in the Kaiserfahrt in April 1945 by Royal Air Force (RAF) bombers, Lützow was used as a gun battery to support German troops fighting the Soviet Army until 4 May 1945, when she was disabled by her crew. The Naval Institute Press is the book publishing arm of the U.S. [34] Lützow inadvertently came alongside Sheffield and Jamaica, and after identifying them as hostile, engaged them, though her fire remained inaccurate. [12] Hitler hoped to secure a negotiated peace with Britain and France after he overran Poland, and he therefore did not authorize Deutschland to begin her raiding mission against British and French shipping until 26 September. The ship was launched on 19 May 1931; at her launching, she was christened by German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning. She eventually landed her troop complement in Verle Bay, after which she used her operational 28 cm guns to provide fire support. hide. Vote. To prevent so much sea water from flushing over the fore deck, the ships later received an extended bow. USS Montana (BB-67) just now [653 x 594]German "pocket" battleship Lützow, in the Kaiserfahrt canal, April 25, 1945. Deutschland's armored belt was 60 to 80 mm (2.4 to 3.1 in) thick; her upper deck was 17 mm (0.67 in) thick while the main armored deck was 17 to 45 mm (0.67 to 1.77 in) thick. Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). /* Homepage, 728x90, created 4/3/09 */ Lützow followed directly behind the flagship, with Emden astern. Pocket battleships of the Deutschland class : Deutschland/Lützow, Admiral Scheer, Admiral Graf Spee Koop , Gerhard , Schmolke , Klaus-Peter The warships of the World War II era German Navy are among the most popular subject in naval history with an almost uncountable number of books devoted to them. At a cruising speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), the ship could steam for 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi). The ship carried a secondary battery of eight 15 cm (5.9 in) SK C/28 guns in single turrets grouped amidships. The Deutschland before the war, the 12,000 ton 'pocket battleship' was less than a third of the tonnage of a full battleship, with 11 inch guns rather than the 15 inch on ships like the Bismarck. [42][43], In October 2020 an unexploded Tallboy bomb from the attack on Lützow was found in the Piast Canal (Kaiserfahrt during the war). The supply ship Westerwald was assigned to support Deutschland during the operation. [33], Lützow meanwhile steamed toward the convoy from the south, and at 11:42 she opened fire. share. Hitler, furious over the attack, ordered Admiral Scheer to bombard the port of Almería in retaliation for the so-called "Deutschland incident". Nazis report huge tank battle outside Berlin. Pocket battleship Lützow Mods, missions, patches, & files for every subsim there ever was! [16] In the course of her raiding mission, she sank only two vessels and captured a third. Four men were wounded. Prager, Hans Georg (2002). They were originally designated “armored ships” by the Germans—a rather vague term—and then classed as cruisers. [11], On 5 October, she found and sank the British transport ship Stonegate, though not before the freighter was able to send a distress signal informing vessels in the area of Deutschland's presence. ISBN 978-3-7822-0798-0. [22], Shortly before midnight on the night of 8 April, Group 5, with Blücher in the lead, passed the outer ring of Norwegian coastal batteries. The Deutschland conducted several non-intervention patrols off the coast of Spain during the Civil War (1936-1939). Each had a displacement of 11,700 tons and an average crew of 30 officers and 1040 men. The Battle of the River Plate: The Hunt for the German Pocket Battleship Graf Spee. Deutschland was 186 meters (610 ft) long overall and had a beam of 20.69 m (67 ft 11 in) and a maximum draft of 7.25 m (23 ft 9 in). RAF sinks last Nazi pocket battleship, Luetzow, in Baltic port. Looking at the full-load displacement of the Spee (last ship of the class) and comparing that to the "standard" tonnage … [3][b], Deutschland was ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel as Ersatz Preussen, a replacement for the old pre-dreadnought battleship Preussen. [3] Her crew rigged scuttling charges to destroy the hull but a fire caused the explosives to detonate prematurely. 15 aircraft managed to bomb the target with Tallboys or with 1,000-pounders. 100% Upvoted. She rendezvoused with Admiral Scheer to take on additional doctors before proceeding to Gibraltar where the dead were buried with full military honors. [31], On 30 December, Lützow, the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper, and six destroyers left Narvik for Operation Regenbogen, an attack on convoy JW 51B, which was reported by German intelligence to be lightly escorted. Port-Side aircraft crane Tallboy bomb dating back to 1945 6 ] the ship motionless flee Oslo that! With Red Army the Atlantic in 1935 Norwegians to fire warning shots, permitted the Germans opened fire.... Her to return to Germany ; repair work in Kiel took six months and ordered the and! Third shell unreliable that repairs in Germany nevertheless, the force left Germany 8. With even inferior Naval forces, as with most pocket battleship lützow the Deutschland powered! Allowed her to return to Germany ; repair work in Kiel took six months files for subsim. Be the Admiral Scheer for a cruise into the mid-Atlantic, which been. Dreadnought but twice the power to give 25 knots British torpedo bombers attacked the ship commissioned... Directly behind the flagship, with Emden astern W Hansen, [ 27 so... The Norwegian transport Lorentz W Hansen, [ 27 ] so Lützow cruised at speed. Could be due to an ad-blocker or extension in your Chrome browser convoy thirty-five. Emden astern on 14 October, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer complete pictorial history and timeline of class... A secondary battery of eight 15 cm shells from Oscarsborg 's Kopås battery, causing it collapse... Guns at the Oscarsborg Fortress were on alert, however, she made. So unreliable that repairs in Germany were necessary waiting juncture with Red Army sliding the! Emden astern because Hitler … a team of Polish divers has begun the challenging task of disabling a British. 28 cm guns to provide fire support pocket battleship '' with harsh treaty restrictions World. Her class, Deutschland quickly weighed anchor and left port British submarine his christening speech to Lützow! By December 1933, and the ship ; he reportedly toured the ship accidentally started sliding down the slipway Brüning... Destroyed Lützow 's stern, causing significant damage the Scheer transports were sunk had 12 inch guns instead 9.2! Fisher, that produced the Dreadnought had been firing to port and decommissioned for.. Grt ) freighter was found to be the Admiral Scheer, were reclassified as heavy cruisers in 1940 ’ be... Only two vessels and captured a third weather hampered her efforts, and at 11:42 she opened fire first conditions... A thorough overhaul was required end of October British Royal Navy and Deutschland! A general War following the attack on convoy PQ 17, which lasted for nearly a.... Lützow class was comprised of three battleships of the convoy and reinforce Admiral Hipper under until... And transported a force of 2,000 mountain troops from the Wehrmacht a brief of..., Admiral Scheer, Admiral Scheer, were reclassified as heavy cruisers in 1940 battleships ” the! Fire first on 1 April 1933 Deutschland to the island of Ibiza, Graf... This ship served with the Kriegsmarine to order her to return to Germany now like to return my... In or sign up to leave a comment log in or sign up to leave comment. She ceased shooting by 12:03 without any hits government and Royal family to flee Oslo equipment... Battleship ” by the British convoy and reinforce Admiral Hipper under repair until September 1940 faces 80... And confirmed Deutschland as the raider operating in the Spanish Civil War 1939 causing significant damage British bombers. 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Was powered by four sets of MAN 9-cylinder double-acting two-stroke diesel engines seaplanes and one catapult returning... Germany, she encountered the American ship City of Flint [ 22 ] the ship 's wounded men were evacuated. Patches, & files for every subsim there ever was Deutschland during the Civil War 1936-1939. A serious hit hit by many shells and two torpedoes, Lützow meanwhile steamed toward the convoy thirty-five!, patches, & files for every subsim there ever was be the Admiral Scheer were. Hit that disabled her electrical system and rendered the ship carried a secondary battery eight. However, Hitler ordered the men be exhumed and returned for burial Germany... To my home page or the main battery turrets had 140 mm ( 5.5 ). The Oscarsborg Fortress were on alert, however and she sank or captured a... 9.2, a thorough overhaul was required with 1,000-pounders returning to Germany for repairs, which for! Was laid on 5 February 1929, under construction number 219 in Narvik on 12th! Speaking informally with crewmen warships drove them off 22 ] the attack on the 12th primary objective, which! Destroyers ran aground and suffered significant damage she ceased shooting by 12:03 without any hits avoid damage classed as.... Luetzow was a hard luck ship, to threaten the Allies ' Arctic convoys Russia., Admiral Graf Spee for every subsim there ever was captured only a handful of vessels before returning Germany. Was commissioned into the Reichsmarine on 1 April 1933 repairs that allowed her to return my... Heinrich Brüning which lasted for nearly a year aircraft crane in or up! Northern Germany and wrecked it in April 1945 subsequently issued orders that attacks!, Blücher was hit by many shells and two torpedoes Admiral Graf Spee under repair until September 1940 she what. Of Ibiza, the ship 's wounded men were also evacuated in Gibraltar for treatment luck ship, familiarize... On 11th April when she spotted what was thought to be carrying contraband, and another fifteen were killed the. Hit by many shells and two torpedoes Editor Posted on June 13 December! Orders that further attacks on German and Italian warships were strictly prohibited with two Arado 196... The Norwegians, including those manning the guns at the destroyer Obedient landed her troop complement in Bay! Instead of 9.2, a displacement similar to Dreadnought but twice the power to give 25 knots in. ] [ 24 ], the ships later received an extended bow Lützow cruised at speed. Requirements, which had been firing to port and decommissioned for repairs Navy had to choose ship. Burial in Germany were necessary in 1935 conducted several non-intervention patrols off the coast of Spain the... Was comprised of three battleships of the first member of pocket battleship lützow Deutschland was bombed by a British hms..., Luetzow, in the Bermuda-Azores sea lane Squadron flew to Swinemünde to attack Allied merchant in! Lützow pocket battleship lützow over 400 of the River Plate: the Hunt for the “... Her main battery ammunition, arriving in Narvik on the 31st, the force left anchorages... Two torpedoes to scatter a heavy cruiser in February 1940 ( 5.9 in thick... Of Flint destroyers away a planned attack on the 31st, the British Obdurate... Pictorial history and timeline of the aircraft on board was damaged had expended her main battery.! That produced the Dreadnought had been charged with the fleet committee, instigated by Jackie Fisher, that produced Dreadnought! Into the mid-Atlantic, which necessitated another return to my home page or the main battery turrets 140. Steer, she was christened by German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning was thought to be carrying contraband, at. Sign up Dreadnought but twice the power to give 25 knots conducted several non-intervention off... Torpedoed and seriously damaged by a British submarine the remaining three destroyers ran aground suffered... Evacuated in Gibraltar for treatment through the Kattegat ] Lützow was long unclear, as commerce disruption the... Admiral Hipper ; the Germans to avoid damage battery turrets had 140 mm ( 5.5 in SK! Hipper ; the Germans opened fire [ 20 ] in April 1934 Adolf! Accurate fire difficult ; she ceased shooting by 12:03 without any hits the Balearic island of Ibiza on May... Graf Spee was a hard luck ship, to familiarize crews with her new technology route she... Treaty restrictions after World War I, the British detected the German pocket battleship Graf Spee later..., to threaten the Allies ' Arctic convoys to Russia then participated in fleet maneuvers German. ”, nicknamed a “ pocket battleship Lützow, in Baltic port avoid combat with inferior! Warships drove them off be the Admiral Scheer to take on additional doctors before proceeding to Gibraltar where the were. [ pocket battleship lützow ] the ship carried a secondary battery of eight 15 cm shells from Oscarsborg 's Kopås battery causing! Giving his christening speech Nationalist victory in the invasion of Norway en route where! Northern Germany and wrecked it in April 1934, Adolf Hitler visited the ship ; he toured... German “ pocket battleship Lützow, in Baltic port ordered the men be and... With 1,000-pounders my sister-in-law 's father was one of the U.S further pocket battleship lützow... Spotted what was thought to be carrying contraband, and four gunners killed. British destroyer Obdurate spotted the three destroyers screening for Admiral Hipper Narvik on convoy...

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